Invasions to Indigenous lands increased in 2021, in the framework of violence and offensive against constitutional rights

Year 2021 was markes by the dramatic strenghten of violence and violations against indigenous people in Brazil. The increase of the invations and the attacks agains communities and leaders, as well as the worsening of conflicts reflect in the lands the offensive environment against constitutional rights of indigenous people. This is what was stated by the Report on Violence against Indigenous People in Brazil (data from 2021 published annually by the Indigenous Missionary Council – CIMI).

During his third year of government, Bolsonaro’s administration kept as a directing principle the paralization of indigenous lands’ delimitations and the complete omission in relation to proecting the already delimitated ones. From the point of view of indigenous policies, this was consistent with the previous two years and, from the one of the people it meant the deepening of a situation already violent and overwhelming.

The consequence of this position has been the increase, for six years in a row, of the cases of “land invasions, illegal exploitation of resources and damages to property.” In 2021, CIMI registered 305 cases of this category affecting at least 226 indigenous lands in 22 states of the country.

In 2020, data stated that 263 invasions affected 201 lands in 19 states. Also, the number of cases in 2021 is almost three times greater to the one registered in 2018, when the anyalisis showed 109 cases.

The report shows an increase of 15 in 19 of the categories of sistematized violence by the publishing in relation with the previous year and a huge number of indigenous lives interrupted.

In addition to the increase in the number of cases and the lands affected by the illegal mining, deforesting, hunting and other illegal invasions of public lands, these groups intensified their presence and aggressiveness within the indigenous lands. This situation was clear in cases like the ones of the peoples of Munduruku no Pará, and Yanomami, in Roraima and the Amazonian.

The violent attacks with heavy ammunition were reported continuously by the indiigenous people and ignored by the federal government, who continued to support mining activity in these lands. Illegal mining also worked as a vector for illnesses like COVID and malaria among the Yanomami.

The report shows an increase of 15 in 19 of the categories of sistematized violence by the publishing in relation with the previous year and a huge number of indigenous lives interrupted. 176 murders were reported (just 6 fewer than in 2020) which meant the biggest number of murders since CIMI’s recounting in 2014. The number of suicides in 2021 was 148, and was the biggesy recorded in this same historic line.

The general context of attacks to lands, leaders and communities is related to a series of the Government that enabled the exploitation and appropiation of indigenous lands and to the actions of the Government themselves and their allies in the Legislative power to pass laws that allowed to impair the constitutional protection of indigenous people and their lands.

The report also includes cases of murders of young children and teenagers carried out with extreme cruelty and brutality. The murders of Raíssa Cabreira Guarani Kaiowá, 11, and Daiane Griá Sales, from Kaingang,  14 caused a dramatic impression. They both were raped and killed.

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